1. Scholarship of Application
Refers to the generation of knowledge that is developed in working with the community (including the nursing practice community) and is of use to this community.
Includes reflective investigation leading to new understandings as practices are explored in relation to concepts, principles, research findings, theories and results.
Faculty can do this by drawing upon their clinical knowledge at expertise.
2. Scholarship of Service
The generation and use of specialized nursing knowledge in community service.
The specialized knowledge and experience of the faculty are used to shape the future of the profession, contribute to meeting society’s needs and advance its well-being.
Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing(CASN) expectation – not part of Boyer’s model.
Changing in 2014 update to standard, but still our obligation.
3. Scholarship of Integration
The generation of new knowledge/perspectives from the purposeful examination of original work in various fields, including nursing.
The process of synthesizing or making connections within and across disciplines brings new meanings. It is closely related to the scholarship of discovery.
Research is conducted in areas where disciplines converge.
4. Scholarship of Teaching
Ethic of inquiry in which questions related to teaching and learning are broadly explored (Sawatzky et al, 2009 as cited in CASN 2012).
Addresses the development of innovative teaching methods, educational materials (Allen & Field, 2005).
Includes both theoretical and clinical aspects of teaching
Can be examined using research or evaluation methodologies, or through modes of inquiry involving the integration of existing knowledge often from various disciplines.
5. Scholarship of Discovery
Represents the most traditional form of scholarship.
Includes knowledge gained through basic and applied research.
Systematic investigation of phenomena using range of qualitative and quantitative methods; results add to, confirm or reject what is already know.
Integral in building a strong scientific basis for nursing.